Høgskolen i Innlandet
Høgskolen i Lillehammer er fra Høgskolen i Innlandet

MFA Disciplines

The nine MFA disciplines offered by the NFS together make up the artistic key team of most film productions. Many other crew members contribute important skills and experience to the creation of a film, but the collaborating artistic key team is decisive for the creation of a work of significance.

Screenwriting

Screenwriting is the art and craft of writing scripts for mass media such as feature filmstelevision productions or video games. Screenwriters are storytellers.

 

Screenwriters are responsible for creating and researching the story, developing the narrative, creating the characters, writing the screenplay, and delivering it to the director and producer. Screenwriters, therefore, have great influence over the creative direction and emotional impact of the screenplay and, subsequently, of the finished film. They either work with a director from the outset or pitch original ideas to directors or producers or are commissioned by a producer to create a screenplay from a concept, true story, existing screen work or literary work, such as a novel, poem, play, or short story.

 

The screenwriting students will gain important experience by taking up assistant roles in the production and post-production process.

 

Screenwriting applicants are expected to have experience in writing for various genres and formats.

 

Directing fiction

 

regi - triangel
 

The director is responsible for all artistic aspects of a film, including, but not limited to, interpreting the screenplay, choosing and directing the actors, mise-en-scène and postproduction. A director has to provide the overall vision and lead the creative team, as well as have an understanding of financial and practical production requirements. The director may bring about an idea or a concept for a film or choose an existing written work for adaptation. The director will work alongside the screenwriter throughout the script development process.

 

The director, screenwriter and producer – called ‘the first triangle’ – will work closely together during all stages of the development process.

 

As filmmaking is a collaborative art form, the director needs to have excellent skills both as artistic collaborator and team leader. The master programme will maintain focus on developing these skills, as well as encouraging the directing students to develop their own artistic style.

 

Directing documentary

The documentary director challenge our understanding of reality by personal interpretation and emotionally engaging storytelling from real-life. A documentary director has to provide the artistic vision and lead the creative team, as well as have an understanding of financial and practical production requirements.

 

As filmmaking is a collaborative art form, the director needs to have excellent skills both as artistic collaborator and team leader. The master programme will maintain focus on developing these skills, as well as encouraging the directing students to develop their own artistic style. Documentary directors often work alone or with a minimal crew during the shooting, but creative input from other disciplines benefits the development process, pre-production and post-production.

 

Producing

The producer is responsible for the managerial and financial aspects of a film production. The producer may be the originator of a film project or have acquired the rights to a story – original or adapted from a literary work. The producer may also work with a director and/or screenwriter on their ideas, and in any case follow the script development closely, with a view to the realisation of the project.

 

The producer is the generalist of a film production and will be involved throughout all phases of the film making process, such as finance, co-production contracts, the hiring of key personnel and actors, the shooting, post-production, completion, sales and distribution. The producer must have excellent leadership skills and understand and handle all artistic, logistic and financial demands of a film production.

 

Applicants may take advantage from basic experience or education in business related fields or organisation, in addition to a filmmaking degree.

 

Cinematography

foto2

The Director of Photography or Cinematographer is head of the camera and lighting crew. The DoP is responsible for the film's visual style – framing, lighting, movements etc. – and will aim at conveying the director's vision to the screen. The cinematographer must have excellent creative and technical skills and exercise leadership over the entire shooting crew.

 

In many countries, the director of photography does not operate the camera, but in Europe the director of photography and the camera operator are often the same person. This, also applies to the master programme.

 

The cinematography students take part in all phases of the master production from development to grading the final film. They will also maintain assisting roles on their fellow students’ productions.

 

Together with the director, the production designer and digital visual designer they make up the ‘second triangle’ that will develop the film’s visual design and style.

 

Production Design

scenografi

The production designer is responsible for creating the film's visual appearance and is in charge of the art department that includes settings, construction, décor, costumes, props etc.

 

The production designer will work closely with the director, cinematographer and digital visual designer to give the film a coherent visual distinction.

 

The production designer has to know about everything from technical drawings to architecture, and must also have good knowledge of historical periods and styles. The designer must be able to communicate through drawings, as well as 2D and 3D models of professional quality. The designer has to have a solid understanding of the functions and responsibilities of the other disciplines represented in the master programme.

 

Editing

The film editor must creatively work with the layers of images, story, dialogue, music, pacing, as well as the actors' performances to effectively "re-imagine" and even rewrite the film to craft a cohesive whole.

 

In this process, the editor will work closely with the director and the sound designer.

 

With the advent of digital editing, film editors have become responsible for areas of filmmaking that used to be the responsibility of others. Picture editors used to deal only with images. Sound, music, and visual effects editors dealt with each their aspects of the editing process, under the direction of the picture editor and director. However, digital systems have increasingly blurred the border lines and put more responsibilities on the picture editor.

 

The film editor applicant must have good analytic skills and be conversant with evaluating the footage vis-à-vis the screenplay. Acquaintance with music is valuable. Furthermore, editors must be in command of digital technology as applied to picture and sound editing.

 

The editor will participate in the development of the master production and have main responsibility for editing the production. The editors will also maintain assisting roles on their fellow students’ productions.

  

Sound Design

 

lyd
 

The sound designer is responsible for production sound, sound editing and re-recording. These functions are often carried out by a number of specialists – production sound mixer, sound editor, dubbing mixer – but as the case is for the directors of photography, the various jobs are all under the sound designer’s helmet.

 

Applicants are expected to have a solid knowledge of professional equipment for both sound recording and sound editing and be up-to-date on new technology. Familiarity with musical forms and general knowledge of music is considered an important asset.

 

The sound designer will work closely with the director, the editor and the composer on creating a sound that conveys and strengthens the emotional expression of the film.

 

The group of four forms the ‘third creative triangle’.

 

The sound design students take part in all phases of the master production from development to re-recording of the final film. They will also maintain assisting roles on their fellow students’ productions.

 

Digital Visual Design (DVD)

Special effects work has been a creative tool in cinema since its infancy. The advance of digital technology over the last fifteen years has offered filmmakers new options for creating images that were not thinkable before. Traditional special effects and innovative techniques combine easily.

 

The digital visual designer is thus a new member of the creative film team. The technology has not only added a new discipline but also had an impact on the exclusive domains of the cinematographer and the sound designer. The digital design students will be a first generation that will define its specific creative role in dialogue with the traditional creative team.

 

A digital visual designer shall have a broad understanding of traditional and digital techniques for the manipulation and creation of images. The DVD students will work creatively with the production designer, cinematographer and director on the development, execution and postproduction of the master production. - The planning of visual effects includes a careful analysis of time consumption and cost and must, therefore, take place during development and pre-production. 

Sist oppdatert: Tor Magne Roaldseth 31.05.2017

20©09 Høgskolen i Lillehammer, Postboks 952, 2604 Lillehammer | Fakturaadresse | Telefon: 61 28 80 00 | E-post: post@hil.no |L